ECTI TRANSACTIONS ON COMPUTER INFORMATION TECHNOLOGYVolume 15, No. 01, Month APRIL, Year 2021, Pages 1 - 12
Hybrid learning of vessel segmentation in retinal images
Worapan Kusakunniran, Peeraphat Charoenpanich, Perapat Samunyanoraset, Sarocha Suksai, Sarattha Karnjanapreechakorn, Qiang Wu, Jian Zhang
Abstract Download PDFThis paper aims to develop a technique of vessel segmentation in retinal images. Interpreting the segmented vessels is necessary for the automatic detection of the severe stage of the diabetic retinopathy. Thus, it is important to have the technique for segmenting vessels in an automatic way with high performance, for the sake of further analysis. In this paper, the proposed method is developed based on the double layer combining supervised and non-supervised learning aspects. The first layer is to detect the initial seeds of vessels using the supervised learning. It learns based on three types of features including green intensity, line operators, and Gabor filters. Then, the support vector machine (SVM) is applied as the classification tool. In the second layer, the segmentation results from the first layer is further revised and completed using the non-supervised learning. The morphological operations with the watershed technique are applied on the results obtained from the first layer, to remain with the segmented pixels with high confidential to be vessels. Then, these pixels are used as the initial seeds of foreground in the iterative graph cut. As the result, the more completed and comprehensive foreground (i.e. vessels) can be obtained. The proposed method is evaluated using two well-known datasets including DRIVE and STARE. The experimental results show the promising performance of the proposed method when compared with other existing methods in the literature.
Vessel Segmentation, Retinal Image, Hybrid Learning, Supervised Learning, Instance Learning