Volume 27, No. 03, Month JULY, Year 2022, Pages 216 - 235

Comparative analysis and validation of selected explicit equation models for determination of darcy friction factor to estimate major head loss for

Aanandsundar Arumugam, Haben Kibrom, Medhanie Gebreamlak, Merhawit Teame, Michael Mengstu

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Fluid flow through pipelines has a huge number of applications. The pipelines design aims to deliver the fluid in a cost-effective manner with the necessary flow rate and required head. The analysis of the network design for the fluid flow is highly important in order to evaluate its performance. The essential and integral part of the network analysis during the motion of fluid through the pipelines is the estimation of head loss which includes the determination of friction factor. The choosing of the appropriate, optimum and economic conduit involves numerous hydraulic computations. The commonly used, well-established methods universally adopted are the Darcy-Weisbach equation and the Hazen-Williams formula for the determination of major friction loss of the fluid flow. A number of approximate explicit equations have been developed based on the friction factor of the Darcy- Weisbach equation. The study involves selecting an appropriate explicit equation for the determination of the Darcy friction factor and estimating the major head loss existing in the newly modeled pipe network for the farm located at Hamelmalo Agricultural College in Eritrea. Eleven different explicit equations were chosen for the determination of friction factor based on different selection criteria, and the pressure loss was determined in each case and was compared with the standard Colebrook-White equation. Statistical methodologies were used to evaluate and obtain the best fit equation for the network.


Colebrook-White equation, Explicit equations, Friction factor, Optimum design, Statistical methodologies


Published by : Thammasat University
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