INTERNATIONAL ENERGY JOURNALVolume 22, No. 02, Month JUNE, Year 2022, Pages 135 - 146
Transition to deep decarbonized energy systems in nepal: the macroeconomic perspectives
Salony Rajbhandari, Bundit Limmeechokchai
Abstract Download PDFThis study analyzed the macroeconomic impacts of the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) and the deep decarbonization pathways aligning with the 2°C and 1.5°C scenarios in Nepal using the computable general equilibrium (CGE) model. The analysis shows that the NDC, the 2°C and the 1.5°C scenarios would be achievable at the expense of national economic loss in Nepal. Results show that extending the NDC targets beyond 2030 without strengthening them would result in a greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction of 9.9% by 2050, which is far behind the level of reductions compared to that which could be required under the ideal mitigation pathways needed to confine the temperature rise to 2°C and 1.5°C compared to the pre-industrial levels. Results indicate that the NDC scenario of Nepal could be achievable at a carbon price of US$ 4.0 per tCO2eq in 2050. However, the results of the CGE modelling analysis of Nepal showed that a much higher carbon price of US$ 21 per tCO2eq and US$ 245 per tCO2eq would be needed by 2050 to achieve the 2°C and the 1.5°C scenarios respectively.
1.5?C; Computable general equilibrium; Nationally Determined Contribution; Nepal; Paris Agreement