Volume 43, No. 03, Month JULY, Year 2021, Pages 60 - 78

A workforce and truck allocation model in a solid waste management system: a case from nigeria

Desmond E. Ighravwe, Sunday A. Oke

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The management of waste with the limited workforce and trucks is a complicated problem. Currently, there is insufficient evidence in literature on how this process could be optimised. In this article, two new models on genetic algorithm and differential evolution were developed to jointly optimise the cost and human reliability of a municipal solid waste (MSW). It optimised this system’s benefit-cost and established the relationship between a MSW’s workforce and truck allocation. Although prior research has revealed relationships among cost, workforce strength, and truck allocation activities, however, the nature of this relationship and the unique attribute of workers’ reliability to influence the total operating cost and the benefit-cost ratio have not been thoroughly understood. A case study of a MSW agency in Nigeria was used to demonstrate the applicability of the proposed model. The results obtained showed preference to the differential evolution algorithm’s results. This article contributes to MSW in the following ways: it presents a model to assign reliability to workforce in a MSW system based on evolutionary algorithms performance, and it optimises a MSW system’s total operating cost and the benefit-cost ratio concurrently.


Reliability; Operating cost; Benefit/cost; Meta-heuristics; Municipal solid waste


Published by : Environmental Research Institute, Chulalongkorn University
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