SRINAGARIND MEDICAL JOURNALVolume 35, No. 01, Month JANUARY, Year 2020, Pages 98 - 102
Applying augmented reality for anatomy teaching and learning
Abstract Download PDFBackground and Objective: At present, communication
technology has continue developing complexly.
McLuhan stated that “Medium is a Message”. This
term remind us to aware that “channel” in communication
process has more important, even message
is the same but changing communication channel
makes change to message. Receiving 3D image by AR
have to use device with digital camera attached e.g.
smart phone or tablet. Applying AR for teaching and
studying Anatomy is a routine to research contains 3
research questions. Firstly, can 3D image gain very
attention from audience? Secondly, How many method
to create 3D image for AR? Thirdly, can 3D image,
which use AR as a tool, replace Anatomy text book?
In this research, researcher build Application which
present 3D skull image. Seven bones, i.e. 1) Frontal
Bone, 2) Temporal Bone, 3) Occipital Bone, 4) Zygomatic
Bone, 5) Nasal Bone, 6) Maxilla Bone and 7)
Mandible Bone, were choosen to present in this research.
The application base on Android Operation
Method: Researcher used Trial-Error as a research
method and used Focus Group interview to test effectiveness
and gain opinion of samples which were
40 medical students, from second year students to
interns medical students, also 5 Anatomy Lecturers
were sampled by using simple random sampling from
student and lecturer list. Questions were asked in
Focus Group Interview were concerned interesting of
AR Questions also about knowledge and understanding
in Anatomy which appeared in Anatomy text book
by using AR as the added on.
Result: The results showed that samples want the
skull can be turned 360 degrees via touch screen of
device. Moreover, sample want to zoom in and zoom out via touch screen. For turning skull via touch screen,
researcher have collected this function as sample had
recommended. On the other hand, zooming in and
zooming out are too much consume technology resources
of device. By the way, researcher aimed to
develop this application and this function in future.
Interviewing samples showed that AR skull can be
added on in Anatomy text book which gain more
attention and interesting from audience.
Conclusion: AR technology can’t replace Anatomy
text book but, with AR, text book has more added
value. Moreover, 3D image presented by AR
technology, can provide wide perspective, high
perspective and depth perspective, that ordinary 2D
image in text book can’t present to readers.
AR angmented reality anatomy