SRINAGARIND MEDICAL JOURNALVolume 36, No. 02, Month MARCH, Year 2021, Pages 157 - 165
The effectiveness of elderly capacity development activity for promoting health behaviors among elderly in ban nonkheng, khumkwang sub-district, warin chamrap district, ubon ratchathani province
Mintra Sararuk, Thitirat Nganchamung, Nantaya Krasuaythong
Abstract Download PDFBackground and Objective: Organizing activities in
promoting health in 6 aspects as follow: 1) Health
responsibility 2) Physical activity 3) Spiritual growth 4)
Interpersonal relations 5) Stress management and 6)
Nutrition and promoting mental health including good
health behaviors could affect the good health of the
elderly. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness
of elderly capacity and development activities
for promoting health behaviors among elderly in Ban
Nonkheng vilage, Khumkwang sub-district, Warin
Chamrap district, Ubon Ratchathani province.
Method: The study was quasi-experimental research.
Total of 37 elderly were recruited by the purposive
sampling. The study contained 4 activities, such as
educating about self -care, physical activity, meditation,
healthy elderly contests, healthy food cooking
practice. Data were collected by using an interview
for health behaviors (Cronbach’s coefficient =0.79)
and Thai geriatric mental health assessment tool. Data
analysis, descriptive statistics were used such as percentage,
mean and standard deviation. Paired t-tests
was used at the statistical significance level of 0.05 to mental health score before- and after participating
in the activity.
Results: Results revealed that after joined the
activities, health behaviors and mental health mean
scores of the elderly statistically significantly increased
compared to those before joined the activities (p
<0.001). Before participating in the activity the elderly
had Interpersonal relations with the highest mean
score of 26.38±3.96, the health behaviors with the
highest average scores was eating 3 meals in 1 day
and after participating in activities, mean health behavior
scores were significantly increase in all aspects.
Before participating, the elderly had mental health
condition equal to 58.6% of the general population.
After the activities, it was found that the elderly had
the highest level of satisfaction.
Conclusion: The findings indicated that the elderly
capacity development activities had the effectiveness
to increase health behaviors and mental health in
the elderly. Therefore the activities should be provided
continually to the elderly and the activities
also could be applied to elderly in other areas in
order to enhance better health behaviors.
Elderly capacity development activity; health behaviors; elderly