Volume 46, No. 06, Month DECEMBER, Year 2020, Pages 671 - 678

Effects of oral administration of garcinia dulcis flower extract on arterial blood pressure and renal excretory functions in rats

Nattaya Thongsepee, Umarat Srisawata, Wilawan Mahabussarakam, Sophapun Ekarattanawong, Noppadon Suttirak, Siriphun Hiranyachattada

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Intravenous infusion of either camboginol or morelloflavone from Garcinia dulcis (GD) exerted diuretic, hypotensive, and vasorelaxant effects in either normotensive or hypertensive rats. This study aims to investigate the effects of GD flower extract on arterial blood pressure (ABP) and renal excretory functions. Male Wistar rats (8-weekold) were divided into 4 groups (group I?IV, n = 6 each) in both acute and sub-chronic protocols. The GD extract was orally administrated to group II?IV at the dose of 50, 100, or 200 mg/kg, respectively, while group I served as vehicle control. The oral administration was performed before the experiment in acute protocol and daily for 2 weeks in the sub-chronic protocol. The ABP and renal excretory functions were measured in the anesthetized rats. The levels of fasting blood glucose (FBG), plasma lipid profiles, and liver enzymes were evaluated in the sub-chronic experiment along with liver histology. The results showed that acute administration of GD extract significantly decreased ABP but increased renal blood flow, glomerular filtration rate, urine flow rate, osmolar clearance, and negative free water clearance when compared with the control. In the sub-chronic protocol, the GD extract significantly decreased ABP but did not alter the renal excretory functions. The plasma levels of FBG, lipid profiles, liver enzymes, and the histology of liver were not changed. It is concluded that acute oral administration of GD extract possessed hypotensive and diuretic effects whereas the sub-chronic treatment of GD showed hypotensive effect and no alterations in liver function, FBG, and plasma lipid profiles.


Garcinia dulcis, camboginol, morelloflavone, diuretic effect, hypotensive effect


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